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ANCIENT IRAN

One of the most interesting subjects for visiting Iran is the lifestyle of nomadic peoples. They are always very kind and hospitable to visitors. They have an interesting lifestyle and a close connection with nature, which is quite similar to the lifestyle of the Aboriginal peoples in Canada. There are currently 1.2 million nomads in Iran who are organized in over 500 Tribes and independent clans. They share with each other three essential Characteristics. Their tribe structures are often based on kinship clan and other types of communal organization. They migrate regularly between Summer and winter quarters (usually from cooler mountain pastures to warmer plains) in order to take advantage of seasonal grazing resources. They are traditional herders of sheep, goats, camels and occasionally have some other livelihood. One of the most interesting of the nomadic tribes is the Qashqaei of Fars province who live in Zagrous Mountain. They have special music, clothes and traditional dances for wedding ceremonies. They love the nature and animals and use them for designing and weaving rugs, Gilim, Jajim and Gabbeh. They earn their living from animal husbandry, farming, weaving and sale of the best kinds of rugs, Gilim, Jajim and Gabbeh. Unfortunately we don’t have sufficient information regarding the nomadic tribes in Iran before Islam. In the Islamic era, Iranian tribes consisted of Kurds, Lurs, Baluchis, Arabs, Turks & the Barahuis. This style of living gained importance in Seljuk period (11th- 14th century).

© Kamal / Photofade

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